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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 4

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Gita 8.4

अधिभूतम्, क्षरः, भावः, पुरुषः, च, अधिदैवतम्,
अधियज्ञः, अहम्, एव, अत्रा, देहे, देहभृताम्, वर।।4।।

Gita 8.4

Adhibhootam’, ksharH, bhaavH, purushH, ch, adhidaivtam’,
AdhiyagyaH, aham’, ev, atr, dehe, dehbhrtaam’, var ||4||

Translation: (Atr) this (dehbhrtaam’ var) superior among embodied beings i.e. human (dehe) in body (ksharH, bhaavH) with perishable nature (Adhibhootam’) master of the Adhibhoot living being/soul (ch) and (Adhidaivtam’) master of the Adhidaiv divine power (AdhiyagyaH) master of the yagya i.e. Adhiyagya situated in the yagyas (PurushH) is the Supreme/Complete God (ev) similarly, in this human body (Aham’) I am. (4)

Gita 8.4: Superior among embodied beings i.e. in this human body, Adhibhoot - Lord of the living being with perishable nature, and Adhidaiv – lord of divine power, and Adhiyagya – lord of yagya i.e. situated in the yagyas, is the Complete/Supreme God. Similarly, I am in this human body.

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 4 Meaning: - Amongst all the embodied beings, the superior body is human body. All the gods reside in this human body. Like, in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 15, God, the giver of the knowledge of Gita, is saying that I am situated in the heart of all the living beings. In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 17, it is said that, that Purna Brahm, the light of lights, is said to be much farther from Maya. He is worthy of being known through Tatvgyan, and is situated in everyone’s heart in a special way. Likewise, in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 61, it is said that the Antaryami (all-knowing) Supreme God by making one revolve through His Maya in the body-like machine, is situated in the heart of (sarvbhootanaam) all the living beings. {It has been proved from this that both the Gods (Brahm and Purna Brahm) reside in the body.}

Note: It is clear in Gita Chapter 3 Verse 14, 15 that the Omnipresent God, Purna Brahm, only is situated in the yagyas i.e. is Adhiyagya.

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